Top Website Developer: Skills Every Developer Should Possess

The skills of a web developer vary significantly depending on their specific area of expertise, but there are certain technologies, practices and programming languages that every IT expert should know, disregarding of their job. We have created a list of these must-have skills that you can use to check your level of expertise.

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Skills Every Developer Must Have

Our app development experts not only listed the skills you should possess, but also accompanies them by the tasks you need to know how to solve to prove your expertise, for example, deploying an app across a number of devices or integrating a social media sign in functionality. This checklist will be helpful to those who are kstu stratign exploring the world of software development or for people who are looking for IT experts to outsource their project but are not sure about their competence.

11 Tech Skills You Will Use in Any Developer Job

Photoshop + Illustrator
Make Sure You Can:
  • Interpret website and product mockups and wireframes you get from designers
  • Translate designs into working code
  • Understand layers
  • Read dimensions
  • Pull out colours (#ffffff)
  • Practice, practice, practice!
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
What It Does:
  • Create the architecture and content of a website
  • It is kind of like deciding that you want a house and making a list of all the rooms you will have, what floor they will live on, and what will be inside them
Make Sure You Can:
    Create an HTML file from scratch
  • Use an HTML template like the HTML5 Boilerplate
  • Follow industry naming conventions
  • Incorporate the latest HTML5 tags
  • You will use HTML on an hourly basis!
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
What It Does:
  • Take well-structured HTML and give it a facelift
  • You will take your house and decide on the size, shape and decorations of the rooms, and you will make sure it is a pleasure to use - no creaky hinges!
Make Sure You Can:
  • Create a CSS file from scratch
  • Manipulate layouts and styles (of course!)
  • Follow industry naming conventions
  • Use a CSS preprocessor like Sass to make editing CSS files 1000x easier
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
Make Sure You Can:
  • Understand the way servers and databases communicate to put your HTML + CSS files on the World Wide Web
  • Make a site go live!
  • Update a site after it has gone live
  • Explain FTP to a 5-year-old
Git + GitHub
What It Does:
  • Git is a version control system that allows you to make changes to your code without losing work you did before
  • And GItHub is a website where you can upload (and download) your code and share it with others
  • A version control system like Git is absolutely necessary for writing code in a team environment
Make Sure You Can:
  • Create a Git repository
  • Push and pull ocde to and from your repository
  • Branch, fork, clone and merge code
  • Resolve merge conflicts
  • Contribute to an open source project on GitHub
Bug Testing
Make Sure You Can Test for Bugs:
  • The best developers can find and resolve bugs in their code
  • The best way to save time on time consuming and costly bugs? Catch them early!
  • In you HTML, CSS and JavaScript
  • Across mobile devices
  • After making changes to a small part of a project
  • Developing a solid system for bug testing early in your career will help you improve and gain the respect of others way faster
Media Queries (for Mobile Development)
What It Does:
  • Media queries are a handy little CSS tool for creating fully responsive sites because mobile usage is on the rise
  • Nearly 7 billion people in the world (95,5%!) have a mobile subscription (Mobiforge)
  • Google’s new algorithm in 2015 means that non-responsive sites will be ranked lower in search results (Search Engine Land)
  • Smartphone usage is up 394% and tablet usage is up 1,721% in the last four years (comScore)
Make Sure You Can:
  • Create media queries for standards device sizes
  • Translate a static website into a responsive one
  • Follow industry standards for naming and syntax
jQuery Is a Library of JavaScript Plugins Built for You
With A jQuery Plugin, You Can:
  • Add a Twitter feed to your site
  • Add an image slider
  • Add smooth scrolling to your site
  • Add more!
Make Sure You Can:
  • Search for a reputable jQuery plugin
  • Install a jQuery plugin
  • Test it for bugs
  • Tweak it to work with your site
With JavaScript You Can Take Static Websites and Make Them Interactive
With A JavaScript, You Can:
  • Make a site look different when a user logs in
  • Update a blog feed live
  • Create cool mobile effects
  • And more!
Make Sure You Can:
  • Understand the DOM (Document Object Model)
  • Create elements and variables
  • Understand objects, properties and functions
  • Recognise and use built-in functions
  • Use logic to create loops
  • Write your own functions
  • And more!
A Frontend Framework
Some Great Frameworks:
  • Bootstrap
  • UIKit
  • Pure
Make Sure You Can:
  • Install or download the framework
  • Use built-in elements
  • Create a custom site using the framework
What It Does:
  • A content management system (CMS) that makes it easy for clients to make changes to site content
Make Sure You Can:
  • Read and edit PHP code
  • Install WordPress
  • Understand the WordPress architecture
  • Create and modify pages, posts and menus
  • Create a child theme
  • Add useful plugins
  • Test for bugs
Where Should You Learn These Things?
  • Books
  • Tutorials
  • Development Communities

Frontend development opens limitless horizons before developers. You have a boat, but no map to navigate by. That is why first you need to learn the littoral zone and only then proceed to exploring the ocean. Today, frontend developers are in demand and many young IT experts wish to learn this area of development. To become a competitive specialist, you need to possess a certain set of skills that will distinguish you from thousands of others experts.

The Qualities of a Good Frontend Expert

The main focus of frontend development is to write the code that is processes by the internet browser. An average salary for a frontend expert with around 2 years of experience is between $70,000 and $105,000. The main qualities you need to possess to become one of the top website developers include:

  • Patience
  • Responsibility
  • Excellent communicative skills
  • Ability to find common ground with different kinds of people
  • Strong visual sense and aesthetic competence
  • Ability to conceptualise ideas into functionality

The principal difference between the frontend and backend is that the first one is run in the browser, while the second one is interpreted on the website’s server. The frontend programming languages read by the internet browsers include HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language), JavaScript, and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), each of them performing a different function. The most important skill you will have to master is to learn HTML5 and CSS3.


These are the must-have skills for a frontend developer. Learning HTML5 and CSS3 is inevitable if you want to build websites. THat is the basic technology behind almost everything in the world wide web. HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) lay the foundation for every existing website. Developers use these languages to structure the content on the websites and shape different elements, arranging them on the screen. If you are ready to state learning the basics of frontend development, there are many different sources on the internet including online courses, manuals, video tutorials, books and communities where you can ask questions about HTML and CSS coding.

To hone your brand-new HTML5 and CSS3 skills, try to create some simple elements of user interface, it will help you solidify the knowledge. There are many online code editors where you can play around with the code. Another good practice that will help you solve any issues you may have and better learn to code is to participate in app developer communities like StackOverflow.

Practice Your Skills

Creating simple elements of the use interface is just the warm-up activity. The next stage is developing a full-fledged landing page or even an entire website. At some point HTML5 and CSS3 will not be sufficient any more, and you will feel the urge to learn JavaScript.